Inflammatory là gì

What Is Inflammation?

Inflammation is a process by which your body"s Trắng blood cells and the things they make protect you from infection from outside invaders, such as bacteria and viruses.

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But in some diseases, lượt thích arthritis, your body"s defense system -- your immune system -- triggers inflammation when there are no invaders to lớn fight off. In these autoimmune diseases, your immune system acts as if regular tissues are infected or somehow unusual, causing damage.

Inflammation Types

Inflammation can be either short-lived (acute) or long-lasting (chronic). Ađáng yêu inflammation goes away within hours or days. Chronic inflammation can last months or years, even after the first trigger is gone. Conditions linked lớn chronic inflammation include:

Alzheimer’s disease

Inflammation and Arthritis

Some types of arthritis are the result of inflammation, such as:

Gouty arthritis

Other painful conditions of the joints and musculoskeletal system that may not be related khổng lồ inflammation include osteoarthritis, fibromyalgia, muscular low bachồng pain, and muscular neông xã pain.

What Are the Symptoms of Inflammation?

Symptoms of inflammation include:

RednessA swollen joint that may be warm to lớn the touchA joint that doesn’t work as well as it should

Often, you’ll have sầu only a few of these symptoms.

Inflammation may also cause flu-like symptoms including:

Loss of appetiteMuscle stiffness

What Causes Inflammation, và What Are Its Effects?

When inflammation happens, chemicals from your body"s white blood cells enter your blood or tissues khổng lồ protect your toàn thân from invaders. This raises the blood flow to lớn the area of injury or infection. It can cause redness và warmth. Some of the chemicals cause fluid lớn leak inkhổng lồ your tissues, resulting in swelling. This protective process may trigger nerves & cause pain.

Higher numbers of White blood cells & the things they make inside your joints cause irritation, swelling of the joint lining, & loss of cartilage (cushions at the kết thúc of bones) over time.

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How Are Inflammatory Diseases Diagnosed?

Your doctor will ask about your medical history and vày a physical exam, focusing on:

The pattern of painful joints and whether there are signs of inflammationWhether your joints are stiff in the morningAny other symptoms

They’ll also look at the results of X-rays and blood tests for biomarkers such as:

C-reactive protein (CRP)Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR)

Can Inflammation Affect Internal Organs?

Inflammation can affect your organs as part of an autoimmune disorder. The symptoms depend on which organs are affected. For example:

You might not have sầu pain with an inflammatory disease, because many organs don’t have many pain-sensitive nerves.

Inflammation Treatment

Treatment for inflammatory diseases may include medications, rest, exercise, và surgery khổng lồ correct joint damage. Your treatment plan will depover on several things, including your type of disease, your age, the medications you’re taking, your overall health, và how severe the symptoms are.

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The goals of treatment are to:

Correct, control, or slow down the disease processAvoid or change activities that aggravate painEase pain through pain medications and anti-inflammatory drugsLower stress on joints by using braces, splints, or canes as needed

Medications

Many drugs can ease pain, swelling and inflammation. They may also prevent or slow inflammatory disease. Doctors often prescribe more than one. The medications include:

Corticosteroids (such as prednisone)

Some of these are also used to lớn treat conditions such as cancer or inflammatory bowel disease, or to prsự kiện organ rejection after a transplant. But when "chemotherapy" types of medications (such as methotrexate or cyclophosphamide) are used lớn treat inflammatory diseases, they tover lớn have sầu lower doses & less risk of side effects than when they’re prescribed for cancer treatment.


If your doctor prescribes any medication, it’s important that you meet with them regularly so they can watch for side effects.

trang chủ remedies

Some ways lớn ease long-term inflammation include:

Surgery

You may need surgery if inflammation has severely damaged your joints. Comtháng procedures include:

Osteotomy. Your doctor takes out part of the bone near a damaged joint.Synovectomy. All or part of the lining of the joint (called the synovium) is removed if it’s inflamed or has grown too much.Joint replacement.

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Your doctor replaces a damaged joint with an artificial one made of metal, plastic, or ceramic.

Anti-Inflammatory Diet

The things you eat & drink can also play a role in inflammation. For an anti-inflammatory diet, include foods like:

Olive sầu oilLeafy green vegetables (spinach, collards)Nuts (almonds, walnuts)

These things can trigger inflammation, so avoid them as much as you can:

Fried foods (French fries)Sugary drinks (soda)Red and processed meats (beef, hot dogs)Margarine, shortening, và lard
giaidap.info Medical Reference

SOURCES:

MedlinePlus: "Arthritis."

American College of Rheumatology: "Arthritis in Children."

National Institute of Arthritis & Musculoskelatal và Skin Diseases: "Arthritis."

Harvard Health Publishing: “Understanding Inflammation,” “Foods that fight inflammation.”

British Journal of General Practice: “’I’m fishing really’ -- Inflammatory marker testing in primary care: a qualitative study.”

Clevelvà Clinic Health Essentials: “Why You Should Pay Attention khổng lồ Chronic Inflammation.”

Linus Pauling Institute Micronutrient Information Center: “Inflammation.”

Surgical Neurology International: “Natural anti-inflammatory agents for pain relief.”

Arthritis Foundation: “Underst& Your Joint Surgery Options.”


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