Conjugate là gì

If you”ve sầu ever taken a second language class, you”ve heard a lot about conjugated verbs & verb conjugations. In short, a conjugated verb is a verb that has been altered from its base form; but, as with all things giaidap.info-related, it”s a little more complicated than that. Let”s take a look at how verbs are conjugated & the different things they communicate when they are.

You watching: Conjugate là gì

Đang xem: Conjugate là gì

*

conjugated verb examples

Defining a Conjugated Verb

Conjugated verbs are verbs which have sầu been changed to communicate one or more of the following: person, number, gender, tense, aspect, mood, or voice. Those will be explained in detail in just a moment: but first, here”s an example of the irregular verb “break” conjugated in several different ways.

Present Tenses

Present tense tells us what is happening at the current moment. There are three main present tenses: present simple, present progressive sầu (continuous), & present perfect.

Present Simple

Present Progressive sầu

Present Perfect

I break

I am breaking

I have sầu broken

you break

you are breaking

you have sầu broken

he, she, it breaks

he, she, it is breaking

he, she, it has broken

we break

we are breaking

we have broken

Past Tenses

Past tense indicates that an action has already occurred, và is no longer occurring. Past simple, past progressive sầu, & past perfect are the main past tenses.

Past Simple

Past Progressive

Past Perfect

I broke

I was breaking

I had broken

you broke

you were breaking

you had broken

he, she, it broke

he, she, it was breaking

he, she, it had broken

we broke

we were breaking

we had broken

Future Tenses

Future tenses tell us that something will happen in the future. The main future tenses are future simple, future progressive, & future perfect.

Future Simple

Future Progressive

Future Perfect

I will break

I will be breaking

I will have broken

you will break

you will be breaking

you will have sầu broken

he, she, it will break

he, she, it will be breaking

he, she, it will have broken

we will break

we will be breaking

we will have broken

As you can see, each different conjugation changes “break” from its base size to tell us when và by whom the action takes place. Conjugated verbs give us a lot of information!

Conjugated Verbs Communicate

A verb conjugation can communicate a lot of detail about a verb. When a verb is conjugated properly, it can tell us:

who is performing the actionhow many people are performing the actionthe gender of the person performing the action (not in English)when the verb is happeningwhether the action is still happening

Conjugated verbs also tell us about the sentence’s mood and voice, which is important for reader comprehension. Take a look at the different ways conjugated verbs help writers communicate.

Person

It”s a bit redundant in English because we almost always state a subject explicitly in our sentences, but still, our conjugated verbs often go with specific subjects. For example, “am” is a present tense conjugation of the verb “be,” và it is the size that goes with the subject “I.” Using “I” (or “we”) also indicates that the speaker is speaking in first person as opposed to second person (“you”) or third person (“he,” “she,” “it,” “they”).

Number

It is clearer in other languages, but conjugated verbs in English can also sometimes tell us something about how many people are participating in the action of the verb. This is called subject-verb agreement.

For example, singular subjects (he, she, it) in the present simple tense have an “s” added khổng lồ them when conjugated:

He sings.She reads.It rains.

Plural subjects (you, we, they) vày not have sầu an “s” on the end:

You sing.We read.They play.

See more: Nhóm Nhạc Hát Acapella Là Gì ? Nghệ Thuật Hợp Xướng Acapella Là Sao

English is a little tricky here because “you” can be singular or plural, but in other languages, the differentiation between singular & plural subjects is very clear in the conjugated verb endings.

Gender

In some languages, though not English, conjugated verbs can indicate the gender of the subject. Languages that use gender in their conjugation include Russian, Tamil, Arabic, Hebrew, và Bantu languages. Romance languages, such as Spanish, French and Italian, use grammatical gender in their nouns but not their verb conjugations.

Tense

The verb tense indicates the time at which the action of the verb takes place. Past tense verbs, for example, tell us that the action took place in the past. Present tense indicates the action is happening at this very moment, or that it happens regularly in the present state of things, or that it is true up to lớn the present moment.

Aspect

The aspect of a verb tells us the degree to lớn which it is completed. There are continuous (or progressive) aspects that tell us the action is in progress, there are perfect aspects that tell us the action is complete up khổng lồ a certain point in time, & there are simple aspects that are just that: simple.

Examples of different aspects include:

present simple – I bake.present progressive – I am baking.present perfect – I have sầu baked.

The action is the same, but the conjugation lets us know whether the baking is still happening or has already happened. Present, past and future tenses each have four possible aspects.

Mood

The sentence mood is like the purpose of the sentence in which a verb is used. The stative sầu (or indicative) mood, for example, is used to lớn make a statement. The interrogative mood is for questions, & the conditional mood is for sentences that pose possible scenarios và the outcomes that depover on them. The imperative sầu mood gives commands or instructions, & the subjunctive mood creates hypothetical situations.

For example:

stative sầu mood – Juan did his homework.interrogative sầu mood – Has Juan done his homework?conditional mood – Juan should do his homework or he’ll fail the class.imperative sầu mood – Do your homework!subjunctive sầu mood – If I were Juan, I would do my homework.

Voice

You”ve probably heard people talk about active and passive sầu voice. In active voice, the verb indicates that the subject of the sentence is the one doing the action. In passive sầu voice, the subject is the recipient of the action done by someone/something else.

See more: Cirrhosis Là Gì Và Nguyên Nhân Sinh Bệnh Do Đâu? Phân Biệt Xơ Gan Còn Bù

Know How to lớn Conjugate Verbs

A conjugated verb is a well-explained verb. Conjugating verbs correctly helps readers understvà what you’re talking about. For more information about conjugating verbs, check out a helpful các mục of rules for conjugating verbs properly.


Chuyên mục: Giải Đáp