Ablation Là Gì

Overview

Ablation therapy is a type of minimally invasive sầu procedure doctors use to lớn destroy abnormal tissue that can be present in many conditions. For example, a doctor might use an ablation procedure to destroy (ablate) a small amount of heart tissue that"s causing abnormal heart rhythms or khổng lồ treat tumors in the lung, breast, thyroid, liver or other areas of the body toàn thân.

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Doctors trained in imaging (radiologists), heart specialists (cardiologists) & other specialists persize ablation therapy. They may use probes inserted through the skin, flexible tubes inserted through an artery (catheters) or energy beams. Imaging techniques are used to lớn guide the ablation. The abnormal tissue can be impaired or destroyed with various techniques, including heat (radiofrequency ablation), extreme cold (cryoablation), lasers or chemicals.


Why it"s done

Ablation therapy has many different uses. For people with heart problems, such as atrial fibrillation, ablation is used to lớn correct the disorder & improve quality of life. Some types of ablation therapy are used instead of open surgery in order lớn spare healthy tissue & lower the risks of surgery, such as in the case of eliminating thyroid nodules or tumors in the breast.

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The benefits of ablation therapy may include a shorter hospital stay và a faster recovery compared with open surgery. Talk with your doctor about the benefits & risks of ablation therapy và whether it"s an appropriate treatment option for you.

Clinical trials

Explore Mayo Clinic studies of tests & procedures to lớn help prevent, detect, treat or manage conditions.


Cronin EM, et al. 2019 HRS/EHRA/APHRS/LAHRS expert consensus statement on catheter ablation of ventricular arrhythmias. Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology. 2020; doi:10.1007/s10840-019-00663-3. Feldkamp J, et al. Non-surgical and non-radioiodine techniques for ablation of benign thyroid nodules: Consensus statement và recommendation. Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes. 2020; doi:10.1055/a-1075-2025. Cameron AM, et al. Ablation of colorectal liver metastases. In: Current Surgical Therapy. 13th ed. Elsevier; 2020. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Feb. 19, 20trăng tròn. Bonow RO, et al., eds. Therapy for cardiac arrhythmias. In: Braunwald"s Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine. 11th ed. Saunders Elsevier; 2019. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Feb. 19, 2020. Radiofrequency ablation information sheet. American College of Radiology. https://www.acrin.org/PATIENTS/ABOUTIMAGINGEXAMSANDAGENTS/ABOUTABLATIONTHERAPY.aspx. Accessed Feb. 19, 2020.